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Biblical/Doctrinal Studies:
Desert of Discipline Series

Pastor Ed's Speculative Timeline
by Ed Vasicek

Dates Legend
Normal font = calculations based on the Hebrew (Masoretic) text of the Old Testament.
Bold italic font = calculations based on the Greek Septuagint (LXX) translation of the Scriptures done in 250B.C., when different.
(1 Kings 6:1 is the basis for these calculations; the Temple began to be within 5 years of 967 B.C., a firm date). The Greek (LXX) calculations place the Exodus about 40 years earlier than the current typical chronology for Amenhotep III, the Hebrew about 80 years earlier. Both are within reasonable boundaries.


Egyptian History Biblical Events Estimated Dates

Middle Kingdom
12th Dynasty
Senusret II

Joseph sold as a slave to Potiphar.

1888 B.C.

Golden Era
Senusret II & III

Joseph rules over Egypt.

1875 B.C.

13th Dynasty begins.

Death of Joseph.

1795 B.C.

New Kingdom
Thutmosis I only son dies after 13 year reign; daughter Hatshepsut (Nefure) is princess.

Killing of Hebrew male babies.

1485-1492 B.C.
1525-1542 B.C.

Thutmosis I

Moses born, floated in basket, found by Nefure.

1487 B.C.
1527 B.C.

Reign of Thutmosis III
(Mostly co-regency with female Hatshepsut dominant)

Moses trained, military exploits (?), possibly Senmut, escapes Egypt at age 40.

1487-1447 B.C.
1527-1487 B.C.

Reign of Amenhotep III
Powerful Pharaoh

Pharaoh of the Exodus?
Amenhotep III is not a firstborn son, so he survives Passover plague.

1442-1407 B.C.
1482-1447 B.C.

Death of Amenhotep III
Body not in Tomb

Pharaoh's army and Pharaoh drowned in Red Sea.

1407 B.C.
1447 B.C.

Akenhaten (Amenhotep IV)
Egypt weakened after Exodus; not a firstborn son survives plague; forces Egypt into monotheism, moves capitol.

Israel goes to Mt. Sinai and wanders in the wilderness for 40 years; Moses dies as they prepare to enter the promised land.

1407-1367 B.C.
1447-1407 B.C.


"Professor Heinrich Otten has called the current scholarly consensus a 'rubber chronology' that could be stretched or shrank, by arbitrarily established lengths of co-regencies between rulers and even overlapping dynasties..." (Answers.com: Egyptian Chronology).

Because of postulated co-regencies, I have omitted Thutmosis II and Amenhotep II. Egyptian Pharaohs, like the Kings of Israel, often had two rulers at once (typically father and son) with one of the Pharaohs being the senior or more influential Pharaoh. Besides dividing responsibilities, it provided a good "mentoring program." Some Pharaohs may have gone by more than one name.

Pastor Ed

Highland Park Church   516 W. Sycamore St. Kokomo, Indiana, 46901 USA   (765)452-1779    church@highlandpc.com    Main Service: Sun 10:30 a.m.